Rachel Rowe, is Librarian of the Centre of South Asian Studies and the Royal Commonwealth Society collections in the University of Cambridge Library. Rachel writes here on the archives of Sir Frederick Tymms, RCMS 20, one of the most significant figures in the development of civil aviation, referred to by his biographer, E.A. Johnston, as the ‘Flying Civil Servant’.
Tymms served as an Observer in the Royal Flying Corps during WW1, then joined the civil aviation department of the Air Ministry 1920-1927 where he became involved in the development of air routes across Africa and India in the 1920s and 30s. His archives document the difficulties of locating suitable landing strips at regular distances across each continent and the excitement at the opening of new aerodromes.
Frederick Tymms (on the left), with Rod Doucla [sic] whilst working on the Cape to Cairo Air Route in 1929 – Cambridge University Library RCMS 20/2/9/30
During the 1930s and much of the 1940s Tymms was in India where he was appointed Director of Civil Aviation 1931-1942. For a brief period in 1942-1943 he became Managing Director of Tata Aircraft Ltd, Bombay, and from 1945-1947 was Director General of Civil Aviation in India. The Tymms archive is rich in photographs from this period – see: RCMS 20/2/ 10-19. There are views of the grand Secretariat buildings in New Delhi, in which Tymms had an office, of the Delhi Flying Club which he joined, and of his travels all over South Asia looking for viable air routes and opening aerodromes. Early air races are documented, such as the MacRobertson England-Australia Race in 1934, as are numerous air stations and aeroplanes. Tymms took photographs in Burma and the collection has fine aerial photography of the Arakan Coast. He also took many photographs in Simla, the hill station to which the government moved for relief from the searing heat of Delhi, as well as in Kashmir where he holidayed with his wife.
Frederick Tymms (2nd from left), camera in hand, with Wolley Dod, Lindup, and Francis, whilst planning the Cape to Cairo Air Route, 1929 Cambridge University Library RCMS 20/2/9/10
Tymms, a keen photographer , also captured on cinefilm some events associated with his work in civil aviation, as well as social occasions and holidays he enjoyed with family and friends. His earliest film dates from 1925 and records the First African [aviation] Survey (Film 12). There are three short black and white silent films made in South Asia in the early to mid-1930s – Films 16, 17 and 19.
Film 16 (the film can is labelled: Hyderabad. Jaipur. Simla. Delhi) includes busy street scenes, farming scenes, elephant rides, coastal scenes and a view of the Himalayas. There are several scenes of Qutub Minar, Delhi, of road trips, street vendors, shikar and fly fishing.
Film 17 (the film can is labelled: North West Frontier Province. Kashmir. Palampur. Simla) opens with views of the Khyber Pass and then moves to Dal Lake and Srinagar in Kashmir, and onto hill stations in Himachal Pradesh. It focuses on travel and landscape scenes, as well as local crafts.
Film 19 (the film can is labelled: Bombay. Ceylon. Burma. Singapore. Karachi) includes fishing boats, street vendors, temples, shoreline, a flower market, ball games, traditional Burmese dance, aircraft and airport buildings. It includes shots of the Shwedagon Pagoda and Buddhist monks in Rangoon, a paddle-steamer transporting railway wagons, sea-planes, Kallang airport in Singapore, and Karachi airport.
Frederick Tymms (2nd from left) in Allahabad in 1934with T. Campbell Black and C.W. Scott for the England-Australia Race Cambridge University Library RCMS 20/2/15/1
Tymms and his wife Millie had become great friends with J.R.D.(Jeh) Tata and his wife Thelly during their time in India, and they returned in October1962 to participate in Air India celebrations in Bombay on the occasion of J.R.D. Tata’s reenactment of the first Karachi-Bombay flight, via Ahmedabad in 1932. Sir Frederick filmed some of the celebrations in colour. Film 8 opens on 15th October 1962 in an Air India marquee at Bombay airport and includes footage of a Burmah-Shell Aviation Service bullock cart, a De Havilland Leopard Moth dating from the 1930s and a Boeing 707. The film also includes hugely contrasting scenes of Indian women carrying heavy stone on a building site, busy street scenes, and grand buildings in Delhi.
‘Imperial Airways – Delhi Flying Club – handing over’, January 1932 Cambridge University Library RCMS 20/2/10/139
Tymms went on to represent the UK on the Council of the International Civil Aviation Organisation (I.C.A.O.), led missions to New Zealand and the West Indies as a trouble-shooter to promote civil aviation, and was a founding member of the Guild of Air Pilots and Air Navigators. He was elected Master of the Guild in 1957. His wide interests embraced communication technologies, satellites and space travel, and the sovereignty of space.The Tymms collection on civil aviation was donated to Cambridge University Library by Group Captain E.A. Johnston in 1994. Johnston’s biography of Tymms, To organise the air: the evolution of civil aviation and the role of Sir Frederick Tymms, the Flying Civil Servant, was published by Cranfield University Press in 1995, ISBN 1871315468.